Understanding Juvenile Diabetes

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In Type 1, or juvenile diabetes, the hormone insulin does not work the way it should and blood levels can go out of control. People with this form of diabetes need to be given insulin to control the blood sugar and help with the basic metabolic pathways of the body. There is a theory that for some reason the body’s immune system actually attacks insulin. This is why it doesn’t work. Scientists have struggled to understand what causes the body to turn against itself in Type 1 diabetes. Essentially, the immune system destroys pancreatic cells that normally produce the blood sugar regulating hormone insulin. Researchers have struggled to find out why. That’s because it is a disease that affects one in every 400 to 500 children and adolescents in the United States. According to a report in the journal Nature, scientists studied mice that actually developed Type 1 diabetes and engineered them to lack normal insulin. Using those mice, they are trying to do what they can to find out secrets.

 

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Tight Control of Diabetes

Tight Control of Diabetes

The term is tight control, and over time, we are learning that when it comes to diabetes, tight control may be the most important phrase in medicine. By tight control, we mean controlling the blood sugar with diet, insulin or oral pills. Over time, uncontrolled blood sugar starts to damage many parts of the body. For instance, in the kidney, it can damage the tiniest of blood vessels, leading to high blood pressure and destruction of the kidney. Yet, when the sugar is controlled and blood pressure is closely monitored, much of the damage of the kidneys can be avoided.

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Diabetes and Insulin Treatment

Diabetes and Insulin Treatment

There are two forms of diabetes…type one and type two. In type one, the body does not make insulin to help control blood sugar. In type two, there’s not an absolute need for insulin to be given as a medication. The problem is often how the body produces insulin. There’s a thought that insulin receptors are not working that well. There are medications that can be taken by mouth that help, but many people are afraid of taking insulin. They look at it as an end of the line, as if the disease is beyond treatment, but this is wrong. There is a growing trend in type two diabetes care that’s emphasizing insulin even earlier in use.

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Controlling Type One Diabetes

Controlling Type One Diabetes

Type One Diabetes used to be called Juvenile Diabetes. The condition occurs early in life, and it’s a result of the pancreas not making enough insulin to control the blood sugar. It’s extremely important to control the blood sugar with insulin. If this isn’t the case, there can be both short and long-term effects. This is easier said than done, because it’s important to find the correct dosage of insulin, as well as encouraging a person to take the medicine faithfully. That’s why a new study is so interesting. Researchers at the Nemours Clinic looked at this, and they found that clearly, controlling it with insulin is critical.

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Obesity and Type Two Diabetes

Obesity and Type Two Diabetes

Type two diabetes, or adult onset diabetes, is the one that people are talking about as far as the links to obesity. As people gained weight in our culture, what has happened is there’s been a decrease in the way our bodies metabolize insulin. The insulin is sent out by the pancreas, doing the job it’s supposed to, but the body doesn’t respond to it. As a result, people actually have higher levels of blood sugar and those higher levels of blood sugar can do damage as time goes on. It can be a serious issue.

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