Understanding Juvenile Diabetes

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In Type 1, or juvenile diabetes, the hormone insulin does not work the way it should and blood levels can go out of control. People with this form of diabetes need to be given insulin to control the blood sugar and help with the basic metabolic pathways of the body. There is a theory that for some reason the body’s immune system actually attacks insulin. This is why it doesn’t work. Scientists have struggled to understand what causes the body to turn against itself in Type 1 diabetes. Essentially, the immune system destroys pancreatic cells that normally produce the blood sugar regulating hormone insulin. Researchers have struggled to find out why. That’s because it is a disease that affects one in every 400 to 500 children and adolescents in the United States. According to a report in the journal Nature, scientists studied mice that actually developed Type 1 diabetes and engineered them to lack normal insulin. Using those mice, they are trying to do what they can to find out secrets.

 

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Can Drinking Coffee Help Fight Skin Cancer?

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Can coffee help fight skin cancer?  The Journal of the National Cancer Institute recently took a look at the effects of caffeine intake. What they found is that people who drink coffee on a regular basis, four or more cups a day, had a 20% lower risk for developing the deadliest form of skin cancer, malignant melanoma, than those who drank less coffee.  The same did not hold true for decaffeinated coffee drinkers.  Malignant melanoma is the 5th most common cancer in the United States and the leading cause of skin cancer deaths.  Coffee has been the subject of medical research quite a bit. In the past, researchers have found associations between coffee and protection against Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s, depression, and diabetes.

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Sleep Apnea May Be Associated with Diabetes

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Sleep apnea is a very common health problem where people have sleep interrupted with periods of snoring and erratic breathing. We have known for quite some time that sleep apnea is associated with high blood pressure. Now, a new study from Dublin, Ireland, has made the association between sleep apnea and diabetes. The study looked at 8,000 people and found an association. One of the most important points is if you’re someone who has sleep apnea, or suspects that you might, it is worth getting a complete physical and clearly be evaluated for diabetes.

 

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Childhood Obesity and Diabetes Rates

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Diabetes is becoming a huge health issue in this country and the biggest reason is because of the problem of childhood obesity. Young children are more overweight, and as a result, diabetes is going to occur more commonly in them, and the problems associated with diabetes, at younger ages, and that is a key concern. One of the big issues we have is that people will have heart disease, obesity, and other related problems, including kidney problems, at earlier ages. It’s critical that we look into it and make changes.

 

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Fast-Food Restaurants Contribute to America’s Weight Problem

Fast-Food Restaurants Contribute to America’s Weight Problem

Fast-food restaurant. For most Americans, you can’t live without them, but can you live with them? They dot the landscape of our country, city after city, but with a nation on the run, with countless single parents, or couples trying to split time between work and the demands of a heavy family schedule, those fast-food restaurants can offer a quick and often cheap, filling meal. Fast-food restaurants are not entirely to blame for our nation’s growing weight problem. Many offer healthy options, but studies show that most of us turn them down because of other reasons. As a result, we are facing obesity as an issue. The combination of lack of exercise and high fat foods is causing us to be obese. The long-term problems of obesity are great. They include heart disease and diabetes. The bottom line here is we have to do whatever we can to control obesity.

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Tight Control of Diabetes

Tight Control of Diabetes

The term is tight control, and over time, we are learning that when it comes to diabetes, tight control may be the most important phrase in medicine. By tight control, we mean controlling the blood sugar with diet, insulin or oral pills. Over time, uncontrolled blood sugar starts to damage many parts of the body. For instance, in the kidney, it can damage the tiniest of blood vessels, leading to high blood pressure and destruction of the kidney. Yet, when the sugar is controlled and blood pressure is closely monitored, much of the damage of the kidneys can be avoided.

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Taking Control of Diabetes

Taking Control of Diabetes

As more people are diagnosed with diabetes, there is a major issue in medicine…trying to motivate people to take ownership of their condition and aggressively attack it to prevent long-term problems like kidney and heart disease. There are several key things that you can do to help when you are dealing with diabetes. The first thing is that diabetes is not a cause of adult blindness, kidney failure, and amputation. That’s right. It’s poorly controlled diabetes that’s the problem. If you keep it in check, there is reason for hope. Also, make a partnership with your doctor. You need someone to talk to who can understand your condition. If he or she does not help, find someone who can. Another key point; make certain you see your eye doctor each year, have a foot exam annually, and talk with your doctor about urine screening and a test called the hemoglobin A1C, which can help monitor how you’re doing.

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