Understanding Juvenile Diabetes

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In Type 1, or juvenile diabetes, the hormone insulin does not work the way it should and blood levels can go out of control. People with this form of diabetes need to be given insulin to control the blood sugar and help with the basic metabolic pathways of the body. There is a theory that for some reason the body’s immune system actually attacks insulin. This is why it doesn’t work. Scientists have struggled to understand what causes the body to turn against itself in Type 1 diabetes. Essentially, the immune system destroys pancreatic cells that normally produce the blood sugar regulating hormone insulin. Researchers have struggled to find out why. That’s because it is a disease that affects one in every 400 to 500 children and adolescents in the United States. According to a report in the journal Nature, scientists studied mice that actually developed Type 1 diabetes and engineered them to lack normal insulin. Using those mice, they are trying to do what they can to find out secrets.

 

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Tight Control of Diabetes

Tight Control of Diabetes

The term is tight control, and over time, we are learning that when it comes to diabetes, tight control may be the most important phrase in medicine. By tight control, we mean controlling the blood sugar with diet, insulin or oral pills. Over time, uncontrolled blood sugar starts to damage many parts of the body. For instance, in the kidney, it can damage the tiniest of blood vessels, leading to high blood pressure and destruction of the kidney. Yet, when the sugar is controlled and blood pressure is closely monitored, much of the damage of the kidneys can be avoided.

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Worrying Can Affect Health

Worrying Can Affect Health

Let’s face it. Most of us spend far too much of our time worrying. We worry about our families, our money, our future. We even worry about how much we worry. Numerous studies have shown too much worry is not good for us. The stress of worry can increase our blood pressure, the risk of heart disease, even cancer. But a study, from the Trust for America’s Health says we could be hurting our health by worrying about our health. According to the research, 37% of people worried about cancer as their top health concern, 14% heart disease, 13% obesity, 11% chemical terrorism. Certainly, worry is appropriate in doses, and it could be good for us in some respect. It can help prevent problems and anticipate problems down the line, but let’s face it, you don’t want to overdo it.

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Long-Distance Walking Results in Successful Weight Loss in Cardiac Rehab Patients

Long-Distance Walking Results in Successful Weight Loss in Cardiac Rehab Patients

Daily long-distance walking results in twice as much weight loss as standard cardiac rehabilitation exercises that involve walking short distances at a brisk pace. That’s what a new report from the journal Circulation and the University of Vermont College of Medicine finds. They studied 71 overweight patients in cardiac rehab who were randomly assigned to standard rehab exercises that burned 700 to 800 calories per week or intensive rehab exercises involving long walks that burned 3,000 to 3,500 calories a week. After five months, the group walking 45 to 60 minutes a day most days a week had greater improvements in 10 risk factors including blood sugar levels, cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and cardio-respiratory fitness. They all also lost 18 pounds compared to 8 pounds in the control group. It really shows the importance of getting out there and walking.

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Pluses and Minuses of Three-In-One Pills

Pluses and Minuses of Three-In-One Pills

They are called three-in-one pills. There’s a growing theory that we should have pills to help control cholesterol, blood sugar, high blood pressure, and there’s many people who are trying to find out ways to have one pill do everything. Now there are positive sides to this. It will help people try to be compliant, in other words, to take their drugs. But the downside is that many of these medications would be so complex that if something was going wrong it would be hard to figure out what aspect of the medication was causing it.

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Controlling Type One Diabetes

Controlling Type One Diabetes

Type One Diabetes used to be called Juvenile Diabetes. The condition occurs early in life, and it’s a result of the pancreas not making enough insulin to control the blood sugar. It’s extremely important to control the blood sugar with insulin. If this isn’t the case, there can be both short and long-term effects. This is easier said than done, because it’s important to find the correct dosage of insulin, as well as encouraging a person to take the medicine faithfully. That’s why a new study is so interesting. Researchers at the Nemours Clinic looked at this, and they found that clearly, controlling it with insulin is critical.

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NFL Players Have Similar Heart Risk Profiles as Men in the General Population

NFL Players Have Similar Heart Risk Profiles as Men in the General Population

Despite their large size, NFL players have similar heart risk factors to men in the general population. A study of 500 football players in the National Football League finds that they have heart risk profiles similar to men in the general population despite their overall bigger size and heavier weight. The football players were compared to men in the same age group, 23 to 35 years old. Overall, the football players had lower levels of fasting blood sugar, 6.5% versus 15.5%, but a greater rate of high blood pressure, 13.8% to 5.5%. Cholesterol levels were about the same for both groups, however, the football players were much less likely to smoke, 0.1% versus 30.5%. Researchers say the physical activity of the football players likely does much to offset the risks they might have from weight and size.

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